Canada (ISED) ComplianceISED are responsible for protecting the radio spectrum. Consumer product Safety is regulated by Health Canada.
ISED Certification, Canada Certification, RSS-247, RSS-210, RSS-Gen, ICES, ICES-003, RSS-102, RF Exposure, Canada Radio & Wireless Certification, IC Number, REL
Global Approvals are experts in ISED Certification of electrical and electronic products.
We can advise on Product Electrical Safety requirements under the Canadian Electrical Code (such as CSA and cUL certification).
Other Compliance Requirements
We can advise on medical product approvals (Health Canada Licence) and Energy Efficiency (ENERGY STAR). If your product is electrical or electronic we have all the answers for Canadian compliance.
Contains IC: GA1A-200410001. CAN ICES-3 (B)/NMB-3(B)
Global Approvals prepare Canadian Regulatory and Test Plans, prepare assessment reports, arrange testing (locally or internationally), arrange ISED Certification through overseas TCB’s, arrange local representation and advise on ISED record keeping and labelling requirements.
If your product has been modified, we can help with the necessary steps to remain legal.
Often Canadian ISED Certification is completed at the same time as USA FCC Certification as US test data and reports are accepted in Canada (conditions apply).
We can provide services for and advise on all aspects of electrical and electronic product compliance in Canada. We provide a single point contact to make the approvals process easy and cost effective.
Q: Do I need ISED Certification if I already have FCC Certification?
A: Yes. Intentional Radiators must be certified to Canadian RSS standards. FCC test data may be used to generate RSS reports (or FCC reports may be used provided they reference the Canadian standards, limits and test methodology). It is cost effective to certify for ISED and FCC at the same time.
Innovation, Science and Economic Development (ISED)
ISED is an independent Canadian government institution that works to improve conditions for investment, enhance innovation performance, increase global trade share and build a fair, efficient and competitive marketplace.
Part of ISED’s portfolio is Broadcasting and Telecommunications regulations.
The Certification and Engineering Bureau provides a registration service for terminal equipment and a certification service for radio equipment.
Electronic Devices must comply with relevant RSS (Radio Standards Specification) and ICES (Interference-Causing Equipment Standard) standards.
ISED Rules and Regulations
The ISED operates under the Radiocommunication Act and governs licensing and regulation of radio equipment and certification of radio equipment.
ISED rules govern the intentional and unintentional conduction and radiation of electromagnetic energy. Compliance is mandatory although exemptions exist for certain types of devices under certain conditions.
Devices must be labelled with the appropriate ISED compliance statements.
Intentional transmitters must be labelled with an IC Certification number, which is made up of a Company Number (CN) and Unique Product Number (UPN). The certification number format is:
XXXXXX is the Company Number
YYYYYYYYYYY is the Unique Product Number
Interference causing devices must be labelled as follows:
Labelling rules are contained in RSS-Gen.
CAN ICES-00x (y) / NMB-00x (y)
x is the number of the applicable ICES standard and
y is either “A” or “B”, but not both, to identify the applicable Class of the equipment
References shall be in English and French. If the referenced standard does not differiate between class A or B, then y shall be omitted.
Labelling rules are contained in ICES-Gen.
For Unintentional Radiators, test reports must be kept in a compliance folder in case authorities request a copy. For Intentional Radiators, reports are uploaded to the REL (Radio Equipment List).
Failure to comply with ISED rules can result in heavy penalties up to 15 million dollars! Serious offences can result in imprisonment!
Electrical and electronic devices must comply with an applicable ICES (Interference Causing Equipment Standard).
Limits are defined for conducted and radiated emissions only.
Immunity compliance is not specified although it is recommended in order to produce a more reliable product. Immunity compliance is a requirement for CE Marking in the EU.
Common ICES Standards:
- ICES-001 — Industrial, Scientific and Medical (ISM) Radio Frequency Generators
- ICES-002 — Vehicles, Boats and Other Devices Propelled by an Internal Combustion Engine, Electrical Means or Both
- ICES-003 — Information Technology Equipment (Including Digital Apparatus) — Limits and Methods of Measurement
- ICES-005 — Lighting Equipment
TIP: Devices must comply with current editions of the standards which could mean top up testing if the changes affect compliance of your product. If in doubt a Gap Analysis should be performed.
The ISED recognise FCC EMC test reports, provided the FCC reports list the applicable and current editions of the Canadian standards, test limits and cover the applicable test methodology.
Common devices include:
- Digital Devices
- Audio, Video and Multimedia equipment
- Lighting Equipment
Exemptions can be granted under special permission by the Minister for ISED. The exemption is based on the device not posing a significant communication interference risk.
Suppliers Declaration of Conformity (SDoC)
A valid test report must be held by the responsible party. Testing must be completed on a test site that complies with ISED requirements and an applicable standard such as ANSI C63.4.
Once the necessary test reports have been arranged and compliance has been established the device must be labelled as per the ISED rules.
The legal entity who places the device on the market is known as a Responsible Party and must sign the SDoC report.
TIP: Radiated emissions testing is based on the highest frequency generated or used by the device, including intentional radiators! For example if your device has a Bluetooth module operating at 2.4GHz and a microprocessor clock crystal oscillating at 48MHz radiated emissions testing must be performed to 12.5GHz (5 times 2.4GHz).
Radio Standards Specification (RSS)
Radiofrequency Transmitters and Transceivers must be certified against relevant RSS Standards. Devices (either stand alone modules, host devices with sub modules or radio devices) must be tested against relevant subparts and the reports submitted, along with documentation (user manual, schematics, example labelling, application forms) to a TCB for certification.
Telecommunications Certification Body (TCB)
TCB’s are authorised by the ISED to issue IC Equipment Authorisation Grants on their behalf. Once an ISED Certification Grant is issued the device is listed in the REL. Test reports and certification documentation are available online for the public to download.
Once Grants have been received the deviced must be labelled as per the ISED labelling requirements.
Certification testing can only be completed by laboratories who are ILAC accredited and recognised by the ISED.
TIP: If you don’t want the world to see details of your device then ensure you apply for short term or long term confidentiality!
Examples of common devices that require ISED certification include the following:
· Bluetooth and Bluetooth Low Energy Transceivers (2.4GHz) per RSS-247
· Wi-Fi Transceivers (2.4GHz and 5GHz) per RSS-247
· LoRa (915MHz) per RSS-247
· RFID (13.56MHz) per RSS-210
· Garage door openers (433MHz) per RSS-210
· Zigbee Transceivers (2.4GHz) per RSS-247
· Sigfox Transceivers (915MHz) per RSS-247
Cellular devices must comply with standards such as RSS-132, RSS-133 and RSS-139. Host device and certified cellular module combinations must comply with the ISED rules. Radiated Spurious Emissions (RSE) testing is highly recommended to ensure combination devices are compliant.
TIP: Try to select a radio module that is already ISED certified. Provided you comply with the IC Grant conditions you should not have to completely re-test it in your host.
The ISED recognise FCC radio testing results although there are some unique Canadian specific test requirements. Generally, FCC test data can be used to generate a corresponding RSS test report or the reports can be combined, provided Canadian standards, limits and methodology are referenced and covered. FCC and ISED certification is often completed as a combination in order to save time and money.
TIP: Reports cannot be more than 12 months old when submitting for certification.
IC Grants usually stipulate that a radio transmitter must not be “co-located” within 20cm of another radio transmitter. If they are, then Radiated Spurious Emissions (RSE) testing is required to ensure the two trasmitters are compatible and do not produce intermodulation products.
Intentional radiators must also comply with RSS-102 which is either a general EMR assessment or SAR testing depending on the proximity to the human body or ear and RF power level.
Devices may be exempt from SAR testing even though close to the human body or ear depending on the exact distance and RF power level.
Reports must be submitted with the TCB certification application.
A Responsible Party is the entity responsible for compliance of equipment with the applicable standards, rules and regulations.
For equipment authorised under the Supplier’s Declaration of Conformity (SDoC) rules a Responsible Party is a manufacturer, assembler of individual parts or importer of equipment. The Responsible Party must be located in Canada.
Global Approvals can arrange a Local Representative Service, contact us to learn more.
For equipment that requires Certification, the party to whom the Equipment Authorisation Grant is issued is the Responsible Party.
Downloads and Links:
ISED Supplier Declaration of Conformity (SDoc) Template
ISED Broadcasting and telecommunications regulations
Consumer product safety is regulated by Health Canada and the Canada Consumer Product Safety Act.
General Product Safety
Electrical safety in Canada is the responsibility of provincial and territorial authorities. These authorities are known as Authorities Having Jurisdiction (AHJs). Recognised certification marks confirm compliance with the Canadian Electrical Code (CEC) CAN/CSA C22.1 which is published by the CSA Group.
The Standards Council of Canada (SCC) accredits Certification organizations (product certification bodies). The Federal Government and the SCC provides a framework upon which regulation of electrical safety in Canada is based on.
The Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act of 2008 (CPSIA) requires the Responsible Party for all applicable consumer products to issue a general Certificate of Conformity based on product testing. It must state that the product complies with the applicable standard, regulation, or ban. It must accompany the product and be given to the retailer or distributor.
Responsible Parties must certify that children’s products (age 12 years or younger) comply with all relevant product safety rules. A children’s product certificate must be issued, supported by third party accredited testing.
Specific Products are Regulated under the Canada Consumer Product Safety Act (CCPSA).
Electrical products that plug into an electrical outlet must meet Canadian national safety standards and be certified by an accredited certification body.
Certification marks such as CSA, cUL or cETL marks indicate that products are compliant with applicable Canadian national safety standards.
Other Canadian Compliance Requirements
Energy consuming devices may have to comply with certain Energy Efficiency Regulations such as:
- Minimum energy performance standards (MEPS)
- EnerGuide labeling
- ENERGY STAR® certification
Health Canada oversee the registration and licensing of medical devices in Canada. Different licences (establishment permit and product approval) are required depending on the class of Medical Device (I to IV).
Class II to IV must be approved. The process is similar to the US FDA 510(k).
Documentation required is similar to CE Marking MD and/or US 510(k) which may reduce preparation time although it does not fast-track the application process or guarantee approval.
Global Approvals - Canada ISED Certification and Product Compliance Experts
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