ACMA EMEEME Compliance, ACMA Radiocommunications (Electromagnetic Radiation - Human Exposure) Standard 2014, ARPANSA RPS3, AS/NZS 2772.2, EME, EMR, EMF, RADHAZ, SAR Testing, EME & EMR Assessment
Electromagnetic Energy (EME) compliance is legislated in Australia under the Radiocommunications Act 1992. It is mandatory for radio transmitters with an integral antenna to comply with the ACMA Radiocommunications (Compliance Labelling – Electromagnetic Radiation) Notice 2014, Radiocommunications (Electromagnetic Radiation – Human Exposure) Standard 2014 and other specific EME standards such as ARPANSA RPS3.
EME Compliance is a requirement of ACMA RCM.
EME is the energy created when an electrical signal (moving charge), typically from a radio transmitter antenna, generates an Electromagnetic Field.
Q: Why is EME compliance important?
A: To protect the health of humans who use radio devices, or who may be located nearby to intentional radiators or other sources of EME and EM fields.
The ACMA EMR standard references ARPANSA RPS3, which defines exposure limits for occupational (or aware) users and general public (or unaware) persons. Aware users are considered to be appropriately trained and exposure is typically limited to a working day or shift. Unaware users are not trained and are members of the general public or pregnant persons.
For mobile or portable transmitters used by the general public, which operate above 20mW (13dBm) and are used less than 20cm from the human body or ear ILAC accredited SAR (Specific Absorption Rate) testing is mandatory per EN 62209-2 and/or EN 62209-1.
For mobile or portable transmitters used by aware users, which operate above 100mW (13dBm) and are used less than 20cm from the human body or ear ILAC accredited SAR (Specific Absorption Rate) testing is mandatory per EN 62209-2 and/or EN 62209-1.
Accredited overseas SAR reports may be acceptable.
For devices used by the general public that operate above 20mW and are used more than 20cm from the human body or ear an assessment against the limits of ARPANSA RPS3 per the methodology of AS/NZS 2772.2 is required. In most cases this can be completed as a desktop assessment with the provision of key RF technical data.
Overseas reports to standards such as EN 62311, EN 62479, FCC Part 2.1091 and RSS-102 may be used as part of the process.
Mobile or portable transmitting equipment that does not exceed 20mW does not require evaluation.
If the power is less than the alternative low-power exclusion level of IEC 62479 it is also exempt from evaluation.
Compliance Categories and Levels
The ACMA EMR standard defines two categories and three levels of compliance:
Category A – Devices that do not require evaluation per schedule 5 of ARPANSA RPS3
Category B – Devices that are not Category A. Essentially devices that may require SAR testing or an EMR assessment
Category A devices are compliance level 1.
Category B devices, which are normally used greater than 20cm from the body, are compliance level 2.
Category B devices, which are normally used not more than 20cm from the body, are compliance level 3.
Compliance Level Requirements
- Level 1 – Device description and Declaration of Conformity (DoC). A report is not required.
- Level 2 – Device description, Declaration of Conformity and report.
- Level 3 – Device description, Declaration of Conformity and accredited test report.
For devices that do not have an integral antenna the general workplace OH&S rules apply in which case an assessment against ARPANSA RPS3 is generally required.
HOT TIP 1: To avoid expensive SAR testing reduce the RF output power below 20mW.
HOT TIP 2: If importing a device that must comply with SAR requirements, ensure the overseas test report is from an ILAC accredited laboratory.
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